This museum was founded in 1949. It is situated 150 km east from Reykjavík nearby Ring Road 1. The museum was especially known for the curator Þórður Tómasson.
It is divided into three parts: the folk museum which offers a huge variety of tools and implements used for fishing and farming, as well as artefacts dating back to the viking age. In the rebuilt turf houses in the open air museum you can catch the atmosphere of times long gone and experience how Icelanders lived through the centuries. The museum of transport tells the story of technology and transportation and its development in Iceland in the 19th and 20th century.